The 57th Military Airlift Squadron (MAS), activated at Tinker AFB OK, on January 8, 1966. The 57th MAS trained aircrew members to fly the C-141 turbo-jet transport. They frequently carried cargo and passengers to destinations within the United States on the training flights. The unit also transported cargo and passengers overseas to Japan, Germany, Guam, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, and Alaska, usually on weekend missions. In later years, additional destinations included Egypt, Korea, Italy, the Philippines, Spain and Africa.
The unit was redesignated the 57th Airlift Squadron on Oct. 1, 1991.